Back to 2025a_11b Emissions Wiki
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
Most of the change in CO emissions is driven by reductions in NEI onroad mobile sources in 2025 relative to the base. O&G sources drive regional CO increases in Texas, NW New Mexico, and NE Utah.
Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
The NOx emissions changes are driven by similar sources as carbon monoxide. There are diffuse and large NEI onroad mobile source reductions in 2025 relative to the base. O&G sources also drive regional NOX increases in Texas, NW New Mexico, and NE Utah.
Total Organic Gases (TOG)
Increases in future year TOG emissions are driven by oil and gas sources, particularly non-point O&G sources from the U.S. EPA NEI in Texas, Oklahoma, West Virgina, and western Pennsylvania. Increases in future year TOG emissions are also seen in the surveyed 3SAQS O&G inventory in northeast Colorado and Wyoming. Decreases in future year TOG emissions are primarily the result of reductions in TOG from onroad and nonroad mobile, although decreases in non-point O&G in southern Kansas contrasts sharply with increasing emissions in the same sector just across the border in Oklahoma.
Projected increases in livestock NH3 emissions in the midwest and south drive the regional increases in NH3. Emissions decreases in the West are primarily from reductions in onroad mobile NH3.
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
Elevated point sectors like EGU and non-EGU point are the largest sources of SO2 emissions. As these tile plots show low level emissions only, they don't reflect the future year emission changes due to the elevated source sectors. The reductions in low-level SO2 are due primarily to the nonpoint sector. Reductions in residual oil combustion drive the SO2 decreases seen in Utah. The increase in SO2 emissions northwest of Phoenix, Arizona is from cement manufacturing in Yavapai county. The projected SO2 emissions increase in west Texas is from the NEI non-point oil and gas sector.
Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5)
Changes in PM emissions in the West are driven by increases in the fugitive dust sector. While all sources of fugitive dust are projected to increase, unpaved road dust sources are projected to experience the largest increase across much of the west, leading to the PM2.5 emissions increases seen in New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Wyoming. The fugitive dust increases are offset by decreases in the onroad mobile sector, as seen in the widespread PM2.5 emissions reductions in Colorado and California.